Basha Miao Village
Known as the "last gunman tribe in the world", Basha Miao Village is five kilometers from the county town of Congjiang, and it consists of four sub-villages, with a total population of 2,061. Linked by the beautiful Duliu River to the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, the county of Congjiang is situated in southernmost Guizhou Province. Basha Miao Village is one of several sites called home by Miao people residing in Guizhou's mountainous areas. And there is perhaps no better place on Earth for one to observe well-preserved traditional Miao.
Basha Miao Village
Basha people belong to the Miao branch that is least affected by modern civilization. Even in the modern times, they still live very traditional lives. As an old saying goes, "men till and women weave." The local villagers' ethnic costumes that are made and dyed (mostly in glazing deep blue) in the traditional way, tend to bring visitors back in time to hundreds of years ago, with the visitors believing they have returned to an ancient tribe. The Miao Village is surrounded by towering ancient trees, with a quiet and serene environment and picturesque scenery. All the civilian residences built in line with the landform of the mountain have been well preserved, in addition to the ancient, original and mysterious customs and lifestyle. The dresses for men and women reflect the style of the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911), so that they are regarded as the living fossils of the Qing culture. In particular, Miao men wear turbans and loose trousers, shoulder a firelock and have a long knife at the waist; and women wear silver necklaces, bracelets and skirts embroidered with various patterns, which are ancient, adorned and colorful.
From the nearby Basha Village, they are easy to recognize, particularly due to their headwear. From about seven or eight years of age, girls from the Miao ethnic group in Kaili City's Lushan, Huangping, Shibing and Zhenyuan wear pleated caps with flat tops, while their hair remains wrapped with purple handkerchiefs until they are married. Married or unmarried, all women in Basha have their hair arranged in a chignon, as sculpted by a wooden comb. Viewing the village from the distance, we could see crisscrossing footpaths in fields framing stilted wooden towers orderly distributed along the mountainside.