Baoji City Guide
Situated at the center of Xi'an, Lanzhou, Chengdu and Yinchuan, the capitals of Shaanxi, Gansu, Sichuan and Ningxia, Baoji is an important hub city on the New Eurasia Bridge, with an area of 18,175 sq km and a population of 3.72 million. With Qinling Mountains in the south and west, the southern rim of plain terrain in the north, and with Weihe River running across the city from west to east, Baoji is characterized by the topography of plains.
Baoji is the birthplace of Emperor Yandi, a founder of the Chinese nation, whose tomb is located in the southern part of the city and his temple is located in the North, and also the origin of the Zhou (c. 11th centuryh-256 B.C.) and Qin (221-206 B.C.). The Famen Temple, which is world-renowned for storing the veritable finger bones of Sakyamuni, was an imperial temple and the world Buddhist culture center in the prosperous Tang Dynasty. Other tourist attractions include Tiantai Mountain where Emperor Yandi once lived; the Temple of Zhuge Liang in beautiful Wuzhangyuan; and the Fishing Terrace where Jiang Ziya, the earliest ancestor of strategist in China, went fishing. The natural scenic spots in Baoji, such as the Taibai Mountain National Forest Park, the headstream of the Jialing River and the Guanshan Grassland, are part of the city's tourism resources. Taibai Mountain still has some remaining traces of roadways built during the Three Kingdoms Period (220–280 CE) which are all generally unusable due to decay. They remain a popular attraction because they were built by making wood plank bridges along the side of the mountain. And Taibai Mountain Natural preservation zone has more than 2,000 kinds of plants including more than 500 kinds medicinal ones and 560 kinds of wild animals, including very rare ones like golden monkeys, pandas, Qinling tigers, salamander. Baoji is rich in cultural relics resources, including over 50,000 bronze wares, such as Maogong ding (three-legged tripod or four-legged cauldron for meat and cereals) and Dayu ding, hence the name the "land of bronze wares".
It is also a newly flourishing industrial center with manufactures of textiles, machinery, and chemicals. Railways first reached Baoji in 1937 and have been key to its modern growth. Baoji is also considered the gateway between western and eastern China since most trains from Beijing, Shanghai and Xi'an pass through here on their way to Gansu, Sichuan, Xinjiang and Tibet (Lhasa). People who are interested in the Three Kingdoms of ancient China can visit Zhuge Liang's Memorial Temple, about 20 km (12 mi) from Baoji.